Wednesday, January 30, 2019

A Conflict of Cultural Values between Generations Essay

Two generations clash in Hanif Kureishis short story, My Son, The Fanatic. Parvez, the bugger off, is an immigrant from Pakistan while his news, Ali, was born and grew up in England. In his adopted country, the overprotect has exerted the effort to imbibe the English values and rise up his word of honor the English way his son, meanwhile, suddenly decides to explore his familial root and denounce everything Western. The story plays divulge the generational conflict between fetch and son in the context of their differing heathen values. Parvez is a good father fit to traditional standards as to how a father should be.He grew up in his native Pakistan further left behind his old carriage when he migrated to England. He is hard-working. He has devoted his life to ensuring his sons education and supplying his needs. He measures his accomplishments according to his sons own. With an happy son who is also good at sports, he feels he has do well as a father. He is also concern ed intimately Ali all the prison term. When he senses something wrong with his son, he immediately tries to find out the discernments for the latter(prenominal)s behavior. While a good father, however, Parvez has forgotten his roots.He has renounced his old religion. He studied in a strict Islamic school as a boy, but has since stopped following its tenets. He is a taxi driver in England now and here, taxi drivers stag jokes about the local mullahs walking around with their caps and beards. (Kureishi, 1196). The son, Ali, while he grew up in England, feels alienated with British culture. The story suggests, however, that the alienation occurs at a certain diaphragm in his life. The fathers dilemma begins when Ali starts throwing absent his old toys, games and clothes.He gives up his sports and old friends, too. It is revealed later on that the reason for these changes is because Ali has embraced Islam. Along with his conversion is the realization that there is too much free dom in the west that is more destructive than liberating to the human soul. He sums up all that is wrong with the westward civilization by declaring that the west was a sink of hypocrites, adulterers, homosexuals, drug takers and prostitutes (Kureishi, 1198). Furthermore, he believes that Muslims are being persecuted and thus should hold in war against other religions.Alis devotion causes the conflict between him and his father. The latter begins to feel that his sons mind has been convoluted with his newfound trust. Parvez tries to understand Ali and hopes to make him realize the wrong logic in his Islamic faith by inviting him out to dinner. It lone(prenominal) worsens the conflict, though. Ali chastises his father for drinking and gambling, forbidden acts in the religion. He expresses his disapproval at the fact that his father eats pork barrel in spite his still being a Muslim.Parvez explains his side by telling his son that they are in England now and they have to rifle in. Ali, however, could not be swayed in his strong convictions against western civilization. The problem with the west, according to him, is being allowed too much freedom. He also tells his father that he is going to stop going to school because western education cultivates an anti-religious view (Kureishi, 1198). This totally crushes the father. After all, he has invested his entire life for his son and Alis decision would put to waste his dreams and the long hours he has worked.The story climbs to a climax when Parvez sees his son walking on the street on the despicable side of town where there are two mosques. He asks Ali to lead off into the car. Beside him in the front seat is Bettina, the prostitute whom Parvez has made a closemouthed friendship. While Bettina tells Ali about how his father loves him, hoping to engage him in conversation, the son only responds with anger and comments on her profession. His sons disgust and prejudice against Bettina humiliates Parvez in front of his friend. The night after this incident, Parvez embraces himself into Alis room while the untried man is praying.He kicks and hits him. He is disappointed and desperate with both his son and himself. He thinks that if reasoning with his son would not bring him to his senses, punishing him physically would. The boy, however, does not fight back but instead turns the table upon his father by asking So whos the fanatic now? (Kureishi, 1201). The closing question which Ali accuses his father with begs an analysis as to who is in the right in the conflict between the father and his son. To Parvez, living in England is an escape from a life in Pakistan which he feels constricted him.To Ali who has become a pricy Muslim, everything about England is a contradiction to the tenets of his newfound faith and the country, and others that practice the western culture, is prejudice to people like him. Each one has valid reasons for his actions, but any belief or value that is imbib ed and led to the extremeinto fanaticismcould be harmful and cannot be acceptable. The concept of democracy as a western ideal is positive only up to a point as much as Islam is positive until it is taken to extremes.Furthermore, Parvez could not force his own beliefs and values upon his son at his age because Ali has already reached adulthood, that time in life when a person could already think for himself, when his depart cannot be controlled as easily as when he was a simple child, and when can no longer be called his fathers child. If Parvez and his son could not meet halfway because they are consumed by their respective cultural beliefs and their fanaticism, they would only be at peace with each other if they visit to accept their differences.Work Cited Kureishi, Hanif. My Son, The Fanatic.

Intolerance: Minority Group and Society Essay

1. What be some of the slipway groups of plurality are identified? on that point are many ship canal that a group of people can be identified precisely the four criteria for classifying minority groups are race, ethnicity, religion, and gender. Race is mainly determined by the color of someones skin, hair (in some instances eyes), height, and bone anatomical structure of the human body big head, narrow eyes, t every short. Ethnicity is determined by where you were born and raised and what cultural patterns.Religion and is determined by what your beliefs and spectral group you are a part of. Gender is determined good enough plainly it does matters if you are male or female for the concomitant that each is treated differently. Males seem to score it easy most of the meter and woman are always treated as though they are weaker. These four criterias are the main ones but there are so many more such as age, disability status, personal appearance, and sexual orientation they all are used to group people.There is always an other compute that is sometimes over looked and that is our appearance skinny, make out and even what we wear are we well dressed and clean all of the time or are we in regular daytime to day clothes or are we dressed in rags torn, ripped and dirty clothing. overly there is the money f representor how much does one have or dont have to many people the money factor matters most people wish to know that they know people with money. are these people wealthy with more money than they will every affect or do they meet have enough or do they struggle or worse yet do they not have anything leaving them going from home to home or passageway to street or going to government and privet programs for process. 2. Why do people cross out and group other people? I have thought roughly this question and it made me realize that not only do people grade and group other people but we also say ourselves putting ourselves in categories that p lease us. Plus it gives us our sense of belong to something that most people need to feel.Getting back to the question I think it is something that we all do whether we realize it or not. Labeling and grouping help people to determine who we should or who we should not interact with. It helps people and sometimes it does just the opposite and destroys people its like having a power a power to have some control over other people. I can almost see it in another time a man running through the streets with a label railway car placing labels on everyones forehead yelling You are who I regularise you are Scary thought We constantly label people in a negative light overdue to difference of opinion due to religion, political view, sexual preference, parenting method you name it we do it, even children do this and it is not done intentionally they were not taught this, too me it almost seems like it is a defense mechanism keeping themselves even ourselves safe from what we whitethorn con sider to be harmful. In the end people are just that people we are nothing more and nothing less.People label others either to feel empowered or to praise someone but in the end we are Human Beings and that is it. We may think and act differently but we are what we are and if people could just bar that then the future might not ever have to fill with the positive and mainly the negative effects that come with being labeled and tossed into a group that was thought up by others. Resources Schaefer, R. T. (2012). (Ch. 1 & vitamin A 2) Racial and ethnic groups (13th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ Pearson Prentice Hall.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Coca Cola Marketing Mix Essay

cheeselike Drink demand securities pains is very strong all over the world. Now there are 2 major Company of flaccid Drinks coca plant locoweed Pepsi Co they are competitors to each other. The worlds largest beverages keep company Coca Cola began to a greater extent than a century ago. The Coca Cola company world headquarter is at battle of Atlanta Georgia, USA. Formation of Coca Cola company was in a open way, but today it is spread worldwide. It has a Wonderful history and an fire future.From some sentence before 1970-s Coca Cola had started doing business in India. but due to changes in the policy of Indian Government, Coca Cola had to intertwine up its business from India in 1977. After 16 years, in 1993 it once again started doing business in India done one of its subsidiary company Coca Cola India Private Limited. It gradually went in for merger by encyclopedism the divers(a) swell kn let crossings to stop the direct competition from the local anesthetic co mmercialise.Coca booby is the send with the highest blade equity. No doubt it has foregone through the ups and downs of business to reach that position. The merchandising mix of Coca dope has been changing over time with more than and more products being added such that today it has 3300 products. So what is the selling mix of Coca cola? harvestThe company has the widest portfolio in beverage industry comprising of 3300 products. Beverages are divided into food category, 100% fruit juices, fruit drinks, water, energy drinks, tea and coffee etc. As per Nielsons data, Coca cola is the No.1 brand in scintillate beverages, juice, and retail packaged water in 2010. Coca cola has its market presence around 200 countries. Coca cola brands in India are Fanta, Maaza, Limca, sprite, Thums up, Minute Maid, Nimbu fresh, Nested iced tea etc.Coca-Cola made its return to India COCA gage in 1993 and made signifi contributet investments to ensure that the beverage is available to more a nd more people, point in the remote and inaccessible parts of the nation. fay has not only established itself as a brand which successfully boasts its cutthru perspective with an authentic, edgy, irreverent, urban and straight forward style, but has in like manner achieved status of an undisputed youth badge brand.Fanta entered in the year 1993. perceive as a fun youth brand, Fanta stands for its vibrant color, tempting savvy and tingling bubbles that not just uplifts feelings but also helps free tactile sensation thus encouraging one to indulge in the moment.Limca has remained unchallenged as the No.1 Sparkling Drink in the Cloudy lemon Segment. The success radiation pattern is the sharp fizz and lemoni bite combined with the Single minded bid of the brand as the provider of Freshness.Maaza has today come to correspond the very spirit of mango treees. Universally loved for its taste, color, thickness and wholesome properties, Maaza is the mango lovers first choicePriceDue to the approachability of wide range products the set is done according to the market and geographical segment. Each sub-brand of coca cola has different pricing dodge. Their pricing strategy is found on the competitors pricing, Pepsi is the direct competitor to coke. Beverage market is verbalize to be a oligopoly market (few sellers and large misdirecters), hence they form into trustingness contract to ensure a mutual balance in pricing between the sellers.Price strategies are important to Coca Cola because the legal injury determines the amount of sales and profit per unit sold. Businesses have to set a price that is attractive to their customers and provides the business with a good level of profit. immense before a sale was ever made Coca Cola had developed a forecast of consumer demand at different prices which inevitably determined whether or not the product came on the market, as well as the allocation of adequate money and resources to produce, promote and dist ribute the product. infiniteCoca cola is the worlds most favourite brand and is available all over the world. The distribution system of coca cola follows the FMCG distribution pattern. The effective distribution network of coke has almost decay the small and middle level players in the market. In India they have captured even the rural market by extensive distribution and have scoured the market share of Bo onto, Kalmar etc.PromotionCoca cola adopts conglomerate advertising and promotional strategies to create an increased demand in the market by associating with life style and behaviour and mainly targeting value based advertising. You are more likely to see a coke ad individualised for a particular festival or in with a general positive message. Coca cola uses CSR as its marketing official document to gain emotional benefits in consumers mind. The current promotions through CSR include permit my school campaign with NDTV.It has many brand ambassadors like Shahrukh khan, Hrit hik Roshan, South Indian Actor Vijay and Trisha , Ghambir, Aamir khan etc and has signed contract recently with Imran khan. It allows price discounts and allowances to distributors and retailers in order to push more products into the market. It employs both push strategy through promotions and pull strategy through promotements and campaigns.Company introduces different themes and concepts to sell their product and advertises mainly in electronic media and out of home advertising. These advertisements build brand image and create awareness. Big names of Indian film industry mainly become the brand ambassadors of the Company. Throughout the years, the slogans of the Coca-Cola have been memorable. For E.g. Thanda Matlab Cola-Cola Jo chaho ho jae Cola-Cola bask Coca-Cola-Piyo sir utha ke BrrrrrrrCoca Cola on a regular basis advertize through Billboards, Hoardings. They occupy the prime locations of the Urban and Semi Urban areas to advertise their products Bill Boards are used on Highways, main City roads, crossways big buildings, Shops etc. Also in India the Coca-cola can be seen motley on walls, bus stands, dhabas etc focusing in rural areas if IndiaCoca-Cola uses direct marketing in many ways. First, the company partners with various restaurants, movie theatres, etc. to hightail it its product. This way, when a customer orders a drink, the only brand they are offered is Coca-Cola, which forces them to buy a drink from that brand. By doing this, Coke forces out other competition, and keeps the restaurants, or other businesses, purchasing their product over and over again. E.g. Mc Donalds. agree to, Coke uses mobile graphics and texts to appeal to markets on a more personal level. Coca Cola also sponsors various sporting events in India and around the world in major sport events like Cricket, Football, Hockey, exceeding and Motor Racing etc.Coca-Cola uses the internet to promote its products. The company has its own webs ite, which is quite simple to navigate through. The website allows customers to become interactive through various games, contests, shopping, and through a special section of the website that enables consumers to find out how they can help their community. Also in the modern era of communication and networking, the company uses various social networking sites like Facebook, YouTube, Twitter to connect with the consumers. The internet marketing thus helps to reach to those consumers who cant afford to spend time on T.V and are always online

Monday, January 28, 2019

Economic time-series Exam Essay

1. The variation in an economic time-series which is caused by major expansions or contractions usually of greater than a year in duration is known as2. Time-series forecasting models3. If 2 alternative economic models ar offered, other things equal, we would4. Smoothing proficiencys are a figure out of ____ techniques which assume that there is an underlying pattern to be found in the historical values of a variable that is being forecast.5. The forecasting technique which attempts to forecast short-term changes and makes use of economic indicators known as leading, coinciding or lagging indicators is known as6. For studying demand relationships for a proposed new harvest-feast that no one has ever used before, what would be the best method to use?7. If Ben Bernanke, Chair of the Federal Reserve Board, begins to subdue monetary policy by raising US interest pass judgment next year, what is the likely impact on the value of the dollar?8. Companies that muffle their margins on export ingatherings in the face of appreciation of their home up-to-dateness may be motivated by a desire to9. An ontogeny in the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar sexual relation to a concern partner can result from10. Trading partners should specialize in producing goods in accordance with comparative advantage, then trade and diversify in intake because11. An appreciation of the U.S. dollar has what impact on Harley-Davidson (HD), a U.S. manufacturer of motorcycles?12. If the British pound () appreciates by 10% against the dollar13. The import of Apple iPads assembled in Shanghai at a $295 wholesale price ($213 court and $82 profit margin) adds more than it should to the U.S. trade deficit with China because14. If the marginal product of labor is 100 and the price of labor is 10, while the marginal product of capital is 200 and the price of capital is $30, then what should the firm?15. In a production process, an excessive amount of the variable input relative to the fixed i nput is being used to produce the desired output. This didactics is true for16. Which of the following is never negative?17. The combinations of inputs costing a constant C dollars is called18. The marginal rate of technical substitution may be defined as all of the following except 19. In a relationship among total, average and marginal products, where TP is maximized20. Economies of Scope refers to situations where per unit costs are21. Economies of scale exist whenever long-run average costs22. What method of farm animal valuation should be used for economic decision-making problems?23. For a short-run cost function which of the following statements is (are) not true?24. The cost function is25. gibe to the theory of cost, specialization in the use of variable resources in the short-run results initially in Copy this link to your browser and download

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

Discuss the Notions of Ideology and/or False Consciousnes

The ideas of the judgement class atomic number 18 in every(prenominal) epoch the ruling ideas, i. e. the class which is the ruling solid force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force. (K. Marx and F. Engels. (1998) popular opinion Class and Ruling Ideas. In J. Storey. (ed. ). Cultural Theory and Popular Culture A reader Harlow, Essex Pearson, 191. ) Discuss the notions of political orientation and/or foolish consciousness. political orientation is roughlywhatthing that has and will be al bureau of lifes in everyones life. This is a patch of human life.In my quiz almost ideology I am going to import about Karl Marx ideas about ideology and also Louise Althusser interpretations about ideology. In my opinion they atomic number 18 the two that explain ideology and faithlessly consciousness in the outperform and most netherstandable way. I am going to start with Karl Marx and write about his thoughts on ideology, false consciousness and how does i t fit in to nonchalant life. Afterwards how Althusser complicated Marxs ideas and explained how ideology progress tos in spates lives in his own way.The Expression Ideology was bring ind by Cabanis, Destutt de Tracy and their friends, and they delineate it as an object the supposition of ideas. Afterwards it was picked up by Karl Marx (1818-1883) and some years latter Louis Althusser (1918-1990) started expanding Marx ides on ideology. Main ideas on ideology by Karl Marx appeared in The German Ideology, that he wrote with Frederick Engels. Althusser wrote about Marxs ides that (2001) Ideology itself represents the production of ideas, of conceptions, of consciousness, all that men say, imagine, conceive, and include such things as politics, laws, morality, religion, metaphysics, and so on Ideology aims as the superstructure of a civilization the conventions and culture that make up the dominant ideas of a society. Ideology is basically ideas of social groups. People sound off that something has some kind of purpose to serve them, merely really it has a different purpose. For eccentric police, everyone thinks that they are here to protect us, but rattling their purpose is to keep us nether run into. The ideology is arsed on the ruling class and their ideas. Ruling class tries to keep everything running flop and keep good deal under control.It is tell by Althusser Since one intent of ideology is to legitimize those forces in a position of hegemony, it tends to obfuscate the fury and exploitation that often keep a disempowered group in its place. For tidy sum ideology is as a outline of illusory beliefs phony Consciousness. False consciousness is a misrepresentation of different social transaction among privet and humans. Daniel Little (no date) wrote False consciousness is a concept derived from Marxist theory of social class. The concept refers to the systematic misrepresentation of dominant social relations in the consciousness of subordinate classes.Marx himself did not use the phrase false consciousness, but he paid extensive attention to the related concepts of ideology and commodity fetishism. Marx never said in his sketch that ideology is false consciousness, but ideology in his work tail be understand as false consciousness in some ways. Ideology is seen as illusionary beliefs, people see things in one way, helping them, their subsisting conditions and different organisations working for people, for example schools, clothing factories, etc. But in reality all this organisations work for ruling classes to keep masses under ruling classes power.Schools educate people to make them able to work for the ruling class in the future and keep the economy going. Clothing factories create clothes for people, and everybody thinks that their made for them to feel better, so they could go out and barter for new clothes and feel happy. In reality clothes are produced to lure people to buy them and spend money, g ive hardly bring in money back to the ruling class and most of the clothes are produced to last for a short time, so people would keep coming back and buying more.Looking through peoples point of view, ideology can be interpreted as false consciousness. Andrew Butler (2009) said in our lecture Ideology people doing what theyre doing without knowing what theyre doing or wherefore. If people are doing what they are doing without knowing, it can be translated as false consciousness. They think that they know what they are doing and why they are doing it, but actually not. Ideology is false beliefs and ideas, false understanding how world works. Louis Althusser, grow Karl Marx ideas on ideology.Marx separated everything, he thought that superstructure has a relative self-reliance with relation to the base, that superstructure is not put to workd by base and other way approximately as well. But Althusser did not reject these ideas but complicates them, he sees superstructure and base working together, he does not separate them from each other. It was said in our lecture by Andrew Butler (2009) Whereas classic Marxism sees the economic base as determining the superstructure Althusser sees them as having a Double function. By double function he meant that there is not a separation between public and private, everything is linked together. A good example was brought in our lecture notes by Andrew Butler (2009) Imagine a kind of network where everything impacts on everything else. the libber slogan the personal is political would be a good way of thinking about this. So the family something that might seem personal or more specifically say breastfeeding might seem private is in fact linked to the economic base and influenced by the superstructure.Breastfeeding could be part of a medical fad or you might do it because of reproduction but doing it or not impacts on when you go back to work or whether you buy formula milks so it is an economic and political c onclusiveness as well as a private one. In Althussers opinion ideology treats people as subjects, because ideology has a material origination. Ideology always reveals through human actions and participations. For example art, art is produced for people to buy, to give money back to the country, but art is produced through other person, through hard labour and he also gets paid for it, this is a job for him.David Hawkes (1996, p. 122) said an ideology always exists in an apparatus, and its practice, or practices. This existence is material Ideology is an ideal idea of perfect plead it has a material existence that treats humans as subjects. In our lecture notes by Andrew Butler (2009) Althusser asked why subjects are obedient, why people follow the laws and why isnt there a revolt/revolution against capitalism IF IT IS NOT IN THE INTERESTS OF THE LOWER CLASSES and he explained this through complicating Marxs ideas by bringing in Repressive read Apparatuses and Ideological situa te Apparatuses.Repressive State Apparatuses can control people by force so everybody would behave in the way as the ruling class wants it includes organizations like the police, prisons, security, etc. Ideological State Apparatuses include institutions that create ideologies on what people can act and believe, for example schools, churches, legal systems, radio, press, television, etc. ISAs acts through ideology, they tell people how to think and influence people mentally, not like RSA, which acts through craze. In conclusion I would say that Ideology is a set of ideas of social groups.People think that something has some kind of purpose to serve them, but really it has a different purpose false consciousness. For masses ideology is as a system of illusory beliefs False Consciousness. Though Marx never said in his work that ideology is false consciousness, but ideology in his work can be interpreted as false consciousness in some ways. Louis Althusser was another ideology theoris t and he expanded Karl Marx ideas on ideology. Where Marxism motto the economic base as determining the superstructure Althusser saw them as having a Double function.That they work together, superstructure determines economic base and economic base determines superstructure. He explained this by expanding Marxs ideas by bringing in Repressive State Apparatuses and Ideological State Apparatuses. That people are seen as subject and state has different associations to keep people under control by force, violence and also by giving people ideas how everything works and it is all meant to be for people, to make their lives better and more organised. Ideology is meant to keep people under ruling class power and order.In my opinion the ideology is working scantily fine, it keeps the world organised and together. Only it does it through false consciousness, lies. Hawkes, D. (1996) Ideology. reprint edition. Routledge Althusser, L. (2001) Lenin and philosophy and Other Essays. Trans. Be n Brewster. New York periodical Review P. Available at http//www. cla. purdue. edu/side/theory/marxism/modules/marxideology. html (Accessed 21 April 2009) Althusser, L. (2001) Lenin and ism and Other Essays. Trans. Ben Brewster. New York Monthly Review P.Available at http//www. cla. purdue. edu/ face/theory/marxism/modules/marxideology. html (Accessed 21 April 2009) Althusser, L. (2001) Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. Trans. Ben Brewster. New York Monthly Review P. Available at http//www. cla. purdue. edu/English/theory/marxism/modules/marxideology. html (Accessed 21 April 2009) Little, D. (no date) False Consciousness, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Available at http//www-personal. umd. umich. edu/delittle/iess%20false%20consciousness%20V2. htm (Accessed 21 April 2009)

Monday, January 21, 2019

Bible Story Worksheet Essay

For go bad 1 of this assignment, you will complete this worksheet by reviewing the The chronicle of the book of account flags and fulfill each writing requirement. http// Please keep your answers brief. consentient academic writing is expected. Refer to the GCU Academic Writing Guidelines in the school-age child Success Center. Briefly answer each section from The Story of the Bible compile 2-3 sentences exempting why the Creation account is so signifi behindt to the Christian worldview. The creation account is so significant to the Christian worldview because it shows you how we became approximately. How god took mark and made something miraculous. It shows how theology was here first how he created heavens and earth. It posits me that immortal is not like man.He is the only one who sits high and looks pop up low. Write 2-3 sentences explaining what the F totally reveals about humanity and h uman morality. The Fall reveals that humanity want to take Gods place and strive up their own morality. It as well as reveals that when eve And Adam ate the forbidden fruit they corrupted the unassailable creation that God had just belt. That disobedience brought about shame and evil Write 2-3 sentences explaining the importance of God revealing Himself through covenants. It was authorised for God to reveal himself through covenant because it gives the people a chance to make decisions and to work towards something.He promises us eternal life if we keep his commandments. there are covenants throughout the whole bible. Write 2-3 sentences explaining what the prophecies about the Messiah tell us about Jesus. It was already written in the bible trend before Jesus that God the Messiah would send his only intelligence so that he may die and rise again for our sin. Behold, the unadulterated shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His Name Immanuel (Isaiah 714)Write 2-3 sen tences explaining the significance of Jesus life and ministry. Jesus life and ministry is very important to the Christian Worldview because in order to serve God we must go through the son. His life signifies forgiveness and resurrection. Jesus ministry shows discipline and obedience to his yield and his word. Write 2-3 sentences explaining how regaining and redemption are significant for our purpose as individuals and for mankind in general. Restoration and redemption is important for mankind because we all fall short of the glory of God.We all need redemption and restoration because no one is perfect. If thing stayed the same with no repair or improvement this world will be in a deva depositd state worse than todays world. Please review all your responses supra and write a three-paragraph summation of the Christian worldview. In your brief summation, explain why it is important to jockey the degree of the Bible and the common rove throughout the flags in the Story of the Bible. Finally, how does your interpretation of life compare with the Christian Worldview reflected in the biblical story?Its very important to know the story of the bible because it teaches us how we were created. We were created in the image and likeness of God. The story of the bible also lets us know about Jesus, his fall, his rise, etc. It teaches us some of the different covenants God made to us. It also talks about the prophets of the bible.See Part 2 of this assignment on the next page.Part 2 Journal on Find Out Your Worldview Quiz drug abuse the space below to compose a journal of 250-500 words on the results of Find Out Your Worldview.http// Access and view the Find Out Your Worldview. later completing the process, reflect on your result. Do you agree with the result you genuine? Explain why you agree or disagree with the result. What does assessing your own worldview in this way teach you about yo urself? APA is not required for this assignment scarce solid academic writing is expected.Find Out Your WorldviewAfter doing the sagacity on Find Out Your Worldview, the result return that my worldview is a Christian. I totally agree with the results. The results were not a shock at all. I was brought up in the church. Every Sunday we went to church. Being raised by my grandmother put the icing on the cake. We all know that grandmothers can praise the Lord and quote some bible verses you have never came across before.

Saturday, January 19, 2019

Balance Sheet and Regulatory Features Paper

fiscal cosmoss lead a wide array of attends that vary in term of trans enactmentions, clients, packaging, volume and other parameters. Among them be the investment securities firms, banks and insurance companies. In general, they every last(predicate) perform the essential function of channeling gold from those with surplus funds to those with shortages of funds (Saunders & Cornett, 2003). Then as they progress with their respective financial products, services, and rear markets, then their roles in the financial world become more app atomic number 18nt. investiture Securities FirmsInvestment securities firms act as brokers and sell securities such as company stocks, commercialized papers and promissory notes as well as government-issued treasury bills. They back up individuals who exigency to purchase new or existing securities issues or who want to sell previously purchased securities (Melicher & Norton, 2003). Full service of these firms for individual clients w ould allow in doing research on securities available for them to invest in and rendering informative services by giving clients timely information and recommendations based on it (Saunders & Cornett, 2003).These they do also for corporate clients that park some of their wakeful company funds in securities both fixed-income securities and stocks. These firms charge commission and service fees for their services, and this is basically how they generate their income. Depository Institutions While investment securities firms are non-depository institutions, those that are designated as depository institutions can accept deposits from retail savers. They include banks, nest egg institutions and credit unions (Saunders & Cornett, 2003).While non-depository institutions plainly act as intermediaries of funds from the sources (the investors and the savers) to the users (the companies needing extra working capital to fund their operations, etc. ), depository institutions can act both as intermediaries and as custodians of the coin entrusted to them. When an investor goes to an investment securities firm to both buy stocks or to put some money in commercial papers, they know that their money is placed in the company that issued the securities (stock or debt instruments).They bequeath therefore be concerned with the financial well-being of the securities issuer, and not so much the investment securities firm. This is because the company primarily amenable for the safety of the protect and the income of their money is the same company that issued the securities they invested in. In contrast, when an investor goes to a depository institution like a bank to leave their money there for guardianship until they would need to use it or to invest it elsewhere, the same investor is placing his trust and self-assurance in the depository institution.He, therefore, believes that the institution is financially sound and that putting his money in their custody is a safe move. The institution, in turn, accepts the deposits and pedestals to be responsible for them. In behalf of their depositors, then, they invest the pooled deposits elsewhere and lend them to qualified borrowers. Financial Intermediaries Financial intermediaries generally include banks, investment securities firms, investment banks, insurance companies and pension funds.They are grouped into three categories the depository institutions (banks), the contractual savings institutions (insurance companies) and investment intermediaries (mutual funds). These entities stand between the lender-savers and the borrower-spenders and facilitate the transfer of funds from one to the other. (Mishkin, 2001) They receive money and pass them on as investments, subject to their respective agreements or operation contracts with their clients.

Friday, January 18, 2019

Service Tax

Service task is a form of indirect taxation imposed on specified run called taxable function. Service tax cannot be levied on whatever service which is not included in the list of taxable services. oer the past few years, service tax been expanded to cover saucy services. The objective behind levying service tax is to reduce the degree of frenzy of taxation on manufacturing and trade without forcing the government to compromise on the receipts needs. The intention of the government is to gradually increase the list of taxable services until most services fall within the scope of service tax.For the aim of levying service tax, the value of any taxable service should be the tax income amount charged by the service provider for the service rendered by him. Service Tax was first brought into force with effect from 1 July 1994. either service providers in India, except those in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, are needed to pay a Service Tax in India. Initially and three servi ces were brought under the net of service tax and the tax rate was 5%. Gradually more services came under the grasp of Service Tax.The rate of tax was increased from 5% to 8% w. e. f 14 May 2003. From 10 September 2004 the rate of Service Tax was enhanced to 10% from 8%. Besides this 2% education cess on the amount of Service Tax was also introduced. In the Union calculate of India for the year 2006-2007, service tax was increased from 10% to 12%. On February 24, 2009 in order to give relief to the industry reeling under the feign of economic recession, The rate of Service Tax was reduced from 12 per centime to 10 per cent.

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Attitude Reflects Leadership

A corpuser is someone who is held to high standards and is looked upon to project decisions of his or her followers. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a perfect attracter because of the many attributes he demonstrated as chairwoman of the United States. He guide this demesne through moments in business relationship which consist of the big nonion and World War II. thither are six main qualities that define a good leader. chair Franklin D. Roosevelt demonstrated such honor able-bodied qualities which brought the States come to the fore of a do-or-die(a) crisis changing America for ever so.Integrity is a quality that a leader must(prenominal) establish. A person with integrity has the same integrity on the exterior as they do on the inside. Such an individual can be trusted because he or she never veers from inner values, so far when it expertness be expeditious to do so. FDR articulated this quality when he strived to rely the American lot through his fireside chats. It was then that he confided in the American state as to the burdens during the Great Depression and his plan to make a better America.Dedication is an opposite quality that determines the value of a leader. To satisfy this, a leader allow for sp end up dedicated era and heftiness necessary to successfully complete the task at hand. Dedication goes beyond the call of duty of what is expected of you. FDR was composed of this quality. He always desire to religious service the American state by openhanded them a find oneself to get some money in their pockets and get employment to wait on solve the Great Depression.Roosevelt do a New raft in which he made corporations and laws that helped give mint jobs and become financially stable. An modeling of this was when the Works Progress Administration (WPA) employed mess to do artistic, creation works and research projects. This New Deal showed that FDR was dedicated to making our country one of equal opportunity and an all-aro und better place to live.The nakedness of a leader is a strong quality which attributes to listening to rising ideas even if they do not conform to the usual way of thinking. FDR was able to suspend judgment of others and welcome their ideas. He related to other peck and sympathized with the tough time of their day-to-daylives. He understood what the American race valued and worked hard to develop sunrise(prenominal) laws helping to put an end to the Great Depression.Creativity is the ability to think differently and to go outside the corner to make solutions. Roosevelt was filled with this gifted quality. He always developed cutting solutions and laws that would contribute to not only more jobs for the people but jobs that would help the environment as well.Assertiveness is the ability to clearly state what one expects so that there will be no misunderstandings. Along with assertiveness comes the business to clearly understand what followers expect from their leader. FDR cle arly had this through doing things in a timely and efficient manner. FDR was the most expeditious and proficient chair in his first 100 days in office. He worked diligently on the New Deal in order to give people new jobs to rec everywhere from debt and the Great Depression. It was the strong quality of assertiveness that led the country to a clear understanding of our chairs tactics.The last(a) quality of leader is a sense of card which is vital to relieving stress as well as to defuse hostility, therefore, maintaining a level of harmony. potent leaders know how to energize their followers. Humor is a form of mogul that provides control over the working environment. FDR had a great sense of humor always talking to people and always putting a smile on his face to let America know even in the toughest times, he can still laugh and be happy. This left people with a positive sense of hold in their President. One newsman Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. is reported to overhear said Roosevelt has a second segmentation intellect but a first class personality (Bennett, 156).The spirit of the time and the obstacles a leader might face during FDRs 12 years in office was a Great Depression. A time whereby most of the entire country was hurting from another World War, which people were against. This combined was a tough enough job to conquer let alone the everyday obstacles a President faces while in the blank House. These times were the hardest that any US President might ever have faced. The leadership qualities that I have explained resulted in the success of our 32nd President FDR. It was these qualities that gave him the strength, character and leadership to be one of the greatest Presidents to have ever led our country. Roosevelt was a man ofsold effort and who welcomed and invited challenges.Two of his biggest challenges were the Great Depression and World War II. His divine qualities led our country out of these harmful events bringing America to the grea t country that it is today. Roosevelt ultimately saved capitalist economy through his economic reforms. His regulations of economic affairs introduced the government into many areas of new life. The New Deal was the new life that was breathed into Congress which brought about new jobs and money for the people. Roosevelts enthusiasm for his programs led him to be a sense or peace for the people of the country. Although his New Deal was not the biggest utility to help the Great Depression, it did help psychologically by self-aggrandizing the American people the feeling that everything was going to be alright.It gave the people hope that our country would survive through distraught times. In 1937 an economic drop-off was reversed to a recession. James MacGregor Burns put it as helping came to save FDR (Bennett, 201). It was in fact the truth as the New Deal did not form this recession. Ultimately the fight in Europe gave American business new markets, making the United States as R oosevelt puts it the great armoury of democracy (Updegrove, 56). The struggle opened up jobs for men and women, African Americans, and other minorities. Even though we were just giving aid to our Allies Britain and were for a policy of isolationism, it still produced more jobs because we had troops going to state of war and giving other Americans opportunities.On December 7, 1941 the Japanese changed that with the bombing of Pearl Harbor and America declared war on the Japanese opening up even more jobs because more and more troops were being sent over to go fight for our country. During the war, Roosevelt took his role as commander in chief very seriously involving him in military planning and sometimes decree the opinions of joint chiefs. He kept the same men at the croak of the command structure from the beginning of the war to its end. His performance during the war, overall support the war. His political awareness kept up the morale of the American people. FDR is typical ly portrayed as an isolationist and a belligerent being pushed into the war.A combination of him not wanting to be in the war and him wanting to be in the war is what made this a strategic approach to the war itself. Although his actions seemed to draw the United States into deeper involvement in the war, FDR continued to pursue his determination of keeping the United States out of conflict.Rather than dissembling, Roosevelt charted a steady and lucid approach based on his strategic perspective. His approach toward the war mingle the isolationist view with his desire to keep out of European conflicts with active efforts to overthrow Adolf Hitler and his Nazi regiment.Once the war started FDR wanted to influence the outcome of the war so he and his governing body thought they could cause Germany to collapse themselves to lead to their demise as well as Hitlers. FDR realized that he could not make the same mistake of Woodrow Wilson and declare the country neutral. Instead, he and on purpose pursued opportunities to aid the French and British with ammunitions, aircraft and supplies. During the late 1930s the Roosevelt administration envisioned Germanys power as extremely diminutive and its people under abuse with several years of full mobilization.These beliefs caused the outbreak of the war and these conditions were comparable to those of the First World War. In 1940, FDR predicted that there will be a revolution in Germany itself (McPherson 226). This prediction that helped save the American people from both the Great Depression and World War II was absolutely remarkable. Overall, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a man of integrity, dedication, openness, creativity, assertiveness, and a light sense of humor. These qualities are what made him an intelligent, respected leader of the American people. Without the guidance of President Roosevelt, United States history may have been changed.His dedication led this country out of the Great Depression and a hideous Second World War. Franklin Delano Roosevelt is a aline human symbol of what the United States stands for and believes in as a leader of our country. Many Presidents recite in their Presidential Inauguration Speech that they will perform their job as president to the best of their ability (McPherson 1). President Roosevelt did indeed perform to the best of his ability and led America out of a time of despair through his exquisite qualities of devout leadership.

Investing and Financing Activities of Wendy’s

During the year of 2012, change used for investment activities of Wendys totaled $189 million, improverd $131 million from 2011. The dickens largest investment funds activities appeargond in Wendys statement of cash devolve are capital expenditures and acquisitions. Cash capital expenditures of Wendys in 2012 totaling $197. 6 million, including $71. 9 million for reimaged and wise Image Activation eaterys, $13. 5 million for new restaurants, $28. 0 million for point-of- trade equipment, $23. 2 million for the construction of a new building at its corporate headquarters and $61. million for motley capital projects. In the middle of 2012, Wendys acquired 54 franchised restaurants. The purchase monetary value was $38. 1 million in cash. Wendys also agreed to get hold of the real estate, buildings and improvements related to some of the acquired restaurants which were considered part of the purchase transaction. Wendys did non incur any material acquisition-related costs. Some other important investing activities involved the investment in limited partnerships of indirect 18. 5% please in Arbys Restaurant Group, Inc. and approximately 11% cost method investment in Jurlique International Pty Ltd. On February 2, 2012, Wendys completed the sale of its investment in Jurlique and received production of $27. 4 million. Wendys did this because introductory to 2009, Wendys had determined that all of its remaining $8. 5 million investment in Jurlique was impaired. Wendys realized that Jurlique cannot help them make profit and clear-cut to sell all of investment in Jurlique to protect stockholders equity. In the meantime, Wendys can use this money to strength their capital expenditures.The increase in cash used for investing activities is mainly because of the sale of Arbys in 2011. Wendys sold Arbys for $130. 0 million in cash and indirectly retained an 18. 5% interest in Arbys and during 2012, Wendys received a $4. 6 million dividend from the investment in A rbys. Wendys decided to sell Arbys because Arbys has been a weaker performer than Wendys in recent years after Wendys and Arbys were co-ordinated in 2008. We deem it wise to sell Arybs because Wendys no longer need to worry about the poor performance of Arbys but can earn the dividend.On the other hand, cash used for investing activities of McDonalds totaled $3. 2 billion in 2012, increased $596 million. The increase primarily reflected higher capital expenditures and lower proceeds from sales of restaurant businesses. During the year of 2012, the dickens largest investing activities appeared in the statement of cash flow of McDonalds are capital expenditures and sales of restaurant business and property. The two most important financing activities for Wendys are the proceeds from long debt and the re leavements of long-term debt.On May 15, 2012, Wendys entered into a Credit Agreement including a senior secured term bestow facility of $1,125. 0 million, of which net proceeds was $1,113. 8 million with draws on May 15, 2012 and July 16, 2012. Proceeds from the 2012 Term lend were used to repay the outstanding amounts under the 2010 Term loanword of $467. 8 million, to redeem and purchase the outstanding Senior Notes of $565. 0 million and to pay substantially all of the Credit Agreement fees and expenses. The outflow of 2012 Term Loan constituted the second largest financing activity, the repayments of long-term debt.In these two activities, we can acknowledge out that Wendy uses almost 85% of the 2012 loan to reimburse its previous debt, which shows us that the phoner does not have enough debt-paying ability. A good company who has the ability to make profit to repay previous debt and make another(prenominal) investing is what all stockholders want to see, not using new loan to redeem old loan. In conclusion, we do not agree Wendys using these financing activities. They should improve their operation activities to increase profit.

Monday, January 14, 2019

First Amendment

The foremost Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights is our rights as citizens living in the linked States of the States. In this paper I will look at three provisions to the First Amendment, highlighting mavin sheath for from all(prenominal) one provision. Included are one miscue to discuss freedom of voice communication, one case to discuss time interval of church service and state and one case to discuss freedom of tie-up.1.)Discuss at least one tyrannical act case of moment cogitate to three of the provisions of the First Amendment. slip-up number 1 Cohen v. California, 403 U.S. 15 (1971), this was a United States Supreme tribunal case dealing with freedom of speech. The United States Supreme besidesterfly confused a disturbing the peace creed by a human who exited a courthouse eating a direction a jacket decorated with profanity. On April 26, 1968, capital of Minnesota Robert Cohen was 19 at the time of his ar occupy outside a Los Angele s courthouse wearing a jacket decorated with profanity. His jacket had the words email&160protected%k the Draft. Cohen was arrested for maliciously and willfully disturbing the peace or quiet by any person or a neighborhood.a.)Why did this case have to be hear and understand by the Supreme address? Paul Robert Cohen was ensnare guilty of disturbing the peace at a Los Angeles coquettehouse. Cohens lawyers appealed and the conviction stood its ground in the California judicature of Appeal. The California Supreme Court denied review, the United States Supreme Court granted to review and argue the case. The Courts decision was in advance of Paul Robert Cohen by a vote of 5-4 and overturned the appellate courts ruling. According to justness John Marshall Harlan II the state may not, consistently with the First and ordinal Amendments, make the simple customary of this single four-letter expletive a criminal offense. (Cohen v. California, docket 299, 1971).b.)How do the Supreme C ourt decisions in each case continue to mask the rights of Ameri shadower Citizens like a shot? Cohen v. California is a landmark case because this case removes from our political science the right to censor speech and determine what actions of speech are appropriate for a civil ball club (Balter-Reitz, 2003). This case affects all of us today because it prevents local and federal government determine what is appropriate or over the line when we are expressing ourselves.2.)Discuss at least one Supreme Court case of significance related to three of the provisions of the First Amendment. Case number 2 McCollum v. get along with of Education, 333 U.S. 203 (1948), this was a United States Supreme Court case dealing with separation of church and state. This case was argued at the United States Supreme Court to the fountain of a state to use tax money to support public school days to provide ghostly instruction. Vashti McCollum an atheist objected to the religious classes being pro vided by the battleground public school district. McCollum argued that the school district violated the First Amendment, the tenet of separation of church and state.a.)Why did this case have to be heard and interpreted by the Supreme Court? McCollum v. Board of Education, 333 U.S. 203 (1948) was graduation exercise decided in the circuit court of landing field County in favor of the school district. McCollum then appealed to the Illinois Supreme Court that held the lower courts ruling. McCollum finally appealed to the United States Supreme Court that agreed to hear her case. The Courts decision was in favor or Vashti McCollum by a vote of 8-1ruling that the religious classes was unconstitutional. Justice Hugo melanize stated that To hold that a state cannot consistently with the First and Fourteenth Amendments utilize its public school system to aid any or all religious faiths or sects in the dissemination of their doctrines (McCollum v. Board of Education, 333 U.S. 203, 1948) .b.)How do the Supreme Court decisions in each case continue to affect the rights of American Citizens today? This was a landmark case because it separated church from state. This case also provided a level platform for those who are be a public school. In the McCollum case her son was being singled and make fun of by other students because he did not attend the religious classes. This case was beneficial for all of us today to attend a public school government funded and not have to attend religious classes against our will. As a result of this case school officials in Chtype Aaign Ill, decided to release the students one hour earlier known as release time to attend religious classes without supervision from teachers or school officials (Time Magazine, 1948)3.)Discuss at least one Supreme Court case of significance related to three of the provisions of the First Amendment. Case number 3 male child Scouts of America et al. v. Dale, 530 U.S. 640 (2000), this was a United States Sup reme Court case dealing with freedom of association. James Dale an assistant scoutmaster for the Boy Scouts of America was expelled from reconnoitre afterwards the Boy Scouts of America read an article at a local newspaper that Dale indicated and quoted that he was gay.a.)Why did this case have to be heard and interpreted by the Supreme Court? Boy Scouts of America et al. v. Dale, 530 U.S. 640 (2000), was first decided at a peeled Jersey Supreme Court which forced the Boy Scouts of America to readmit assistant Scoutmaster James Dale after learning that he is gay. The United States Supreme Court overturned the New Jersey Supreme Court decision and decided that forcing the Boy Scouts of America to readmit James Dale violated the rights of the Boy Scouts of America, specifically the freedom of association. The immunity of Association allows a private organization to determine which person can be included into the organization (Boy Scouts of America et al. v. Dale, 530 U.S. 640, 200 0.)b.)How do the Supreme Court decisions in each case continue to affect the rights of American Citizens today? Affects of the U.S. Supreme Courts decision on the case of Boy Scouts of America et al. v. Dale, 530 U.S. 640, (2000) is difficult to measure. It only has been 10 years since the decision but today we are experiencing other cases similar to one above. Cases of the militarys dont ask dont tell constitution has recently been on the news as well states allowing or oppose gay marriages. I predict that the above case will be serving as a foundation for future decisions regarding Americans rights to freedom of association especially if they are gay.4.)Evaluate the rights and responsibilities that the constitution provides you as an American Citizen. In the psychometric test of the cases above, the Constitution provides me an American Citizen a safety net to argue situations when I felt that my constitution is being violated. I can believe that I can appeal to a higher(prenomi nal) court and all the way to the United States Supreme Court to make a final decision. In conclusion, this was a great paper to write because as an American Citizen I have neglected to fully understand the right given to me as a citizen. This paper made me realize how much protection I have as a citizen. After examining the three United States Supreme Court cases I am glad that there is a higher court and whether the decision is pro or con, I can rest assure that a fair and just decision will be made.Referenceshttp//,9171,804516,

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Bowling Ethnography

Heather Dooley 10 cock B boths We ten dollar billd to think that wheel is a very simple and boring genetic mutation vie by to a greater extentover former(a) men. I did my demesnework at a drum roll completelyey during two distinct unions to look the divers(prenominal) social interactions among derby hats. I erudite that roll is non limited to genius specific age group or g residueer. I in like worldner discovered thither is a unique hierarchy among the bowlers that is not determined by their age or gender. This social status is dependent upon their wheel fair, grammatical case of nut phthisisd, and the fish of their balls.I found there were numerous an other(a)(prenominal)(a) social interactions that occurred between smaller groups of bowlers such as police squadmates. I first entered the business line during a Wednesday wickedness roll fusion. The bowling alley was filled with mostly men. I walked the length of the building and couldnt make any women bowling. I soon found out this was a men only bowling conference. I was told there was alike a women only bowling league that occurred on Tuesdays. The bulk of the men bowling were middle-aged or older. However, there were a gage of men in their mid-twenties bowling as well. On my plunk for entry into the field it was during a Friday darkness bowling league.On this night the bowlers were all different ages but with a majority of younger men and women in their twenties. When I walked the length of the bowling alley that night I counted almost an equal hail of women as I did men. In this league it was required to bear at least two or three women on to each one police squad. This is called a mixed league. On the third night of observations, my second Wednesday night, I sat buck at a table with a team of bowlers. 3 were in their twenties and two were in their late forties. While I was public lecture to one of the younger men I told him how I noticed a lot less women in this league and so the Friday night league.I asked what the requirements were, if any, to join either league. He said In straddle to join this league you had to have a 180 average. He also told me this league was more competitive because it was only men and because they had the average requirement. This league has a mountainousger follow of money to be win at the end of the season because of the competitiveness. When the bowler referred to average he meant the average amount of pins he will usually rap megabucks during three racys. Every game you have the opportunity to knock down 120 pins. Each game symbolizeed has ten systema skeletales. The term pitchs means each turn all the bowlers take.Every retch the bowler has the chance to knock down ten pins. If you knock down all ten pins at once this is called a smash-up. When you bowl a strike it earns you more consequently ten points. If you bowl a strike for every frame you potbelly receive a three hundred game. This is the highest gull you can reach and it is very onerous to achieve. hit Terminology 1 Strike 2 Double 3 turkey 4 Four backpacker 5 Five backpacker 6 half dozen Bagger 7 Seven Bagger 8 Eight Bagger 9 Nine Bagger 10 tenner Bagger 11 Eleven Bagger 12 Twelve Bagger I discovered the main way bowlers gauge each others skills is by dint of the average they hold. well-nighone with a 250 average considers himself a better bowler then someone with a 185 average, even if the set down average bowler beats him in a game. Another form of bowling hierarchy is determined by the type of ball you use. Some bowlers will pay up anywhere between $250 to more than $300 for just one ball I learned that there argon different types of bowling balls made to help you arrest the ball a certain way. Some people may buy a ball they can disgorge square(a) better and others buy balls they can throw with a curve better. While I was sitting at the table with the bowlers I overheard a couple of them talking some their balls.Some men used them as a way to brag to the other men. They would say the reason another man is bowling so bad is because he has a bad, cheap ball. I also noticed the men bowlers would use the weight of their balls to poke fun at the other bowlers. They will compare their balls weight to their manhood or manliness. For instance, Wow, youre only using that little ten pound ball. Did you borrow that from your girlfriend? calculated carrying that big sixteen pound ball you might not be big enough for that yet. pic There are many different kinds of socialization among the bowlers.They joke and bother each other, give tips on how to bowl better and they also play plank games with their teammates. There are two different types of games played among the different leagues. On Wednesday night they play a game called Kiddy Pot. This is a money game played by the men bowlers only that corresponds to how well you are playing. If you miss the five d ollar bill pin, throw a gutter ball, or miss the whirl pin twice you stomach a dollar. If you are hung, which in bowling legal injury means four members of your team strike or split during the same frame but one does not, then the soul who misses the strike loses two dollars.If all five members of the team strike during the frame, the next frame whoever misses the strike loses a dollar. At the end of the season all of the money woolly playing this game is split among the players of the team evenly. pic pic The Friday night bowling league plays a different game. This game is set up like poker. Every member of the team who throws a strike or a split will get a card from the deck. If you miss a discontinue or have an subject frame then a card is interpreted away from your pile.At the end of each game the person with the best poker hand wins. Usually any women who play this game dont lose a card if they miss a spare or have an open frame. I learned that bowling is a very complex social coordinate with its own set of socialization rules and terms. It is not gender or age specific. Bowlers have their own private language they use to communicate towards one another. They are generally accepting of outsiders joining in on their conversations and own private jokes. Is there more I could learn my entering the field and joining a league myself?

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Patriarchal Societies: the Historical Evidence

Joelle Davis John Duran John Hicks Morgan Plasse Travis Rogers Eric Thomason ancient SOCIETIES THE HISTORICAL EVIDENCE AND CONTEMPORARY perpetration Feminism is the radical nonion that wo campaign force ar benignant universes. ? Cheris Kramarae INTRODUCTION Since the generate-go records of analyz up to(p) civilizations, virile dominance in hu hu slice close has m sure-enough(a)ed itself into global societies and has strained wo hands into lives of subordi tribe and in impactity. Historic solelyy, encounter force buzz discharge stood as the primary semi g everyplacen custodytal o workforces and leaders, m force out wo custody adhesive friction up been inclined to take on confirming and to a greater extent house correspond-oriented roles.This same(p) hearty organization of societies and g overn workforcets has pull its vogue into n primaeval e precise populate geographic bea, and where has attached itself since the premiere in-migration periods (? ). So from what root did this idealism enigmatic tout ensembley stem? Scientific research points that in cartridge clips cold preceding the jump out of complex societies, Neanderthals wandered the Earth in a a good deal different fashion. Evidence derived from fossils and open leftovers carry outm (noun/verb disagree ment Evidence seems) to assist the thought that quite a little lived oft much than of an egalitarian life name 30,000 years ago.Women, pref successionbly possibly, may reserve helped to hunt as closely as nurse children, date men at times may flummox stayed behind to harvest crops. though virile some mavins were the primary hunters, the flexibility that may adopt been cast on intimate act roles is polar verso to what would develop as macrocosm became to a greater extent advanced. There is a multitude of argument and confusion on the consequence of senile origins, and what may learn happened amid this time of suspected weak sex activity role s and the time of phallic dominance. Whether or non the answer volition of each(prenominal) time be clear, its (usage its or its) important to understand how spacious it has taken for our orld to analyseed (infinitive) women to be equal. In our country itself, in that location was a time in which when an 18 year old anthropoid child with no semipolitical experience and myopic to no material earthly concern fri terminationship could stand next to a wise, shopping m only aged, distaff professional and cast a choose, age she could non. This did non come to an end until 1920, approximately 3,600 years after the personateation of the compulsive- plunk for set of societal bonnieices in Babylonian times. As we will discuss, antique schemas of family and societal life led from too soon Mesopotamia to all lands of the gentle art object over thousands of years.Though contri simplye to solar day in al close to every nation, the extent of time-honored cul tivates turn in small(a) (noun/verb) over time and the impeccantdom and repairs of women lay d cause become more sheer. THE ORIGINS OF PATRIARCHAL SOCIETIES The first of all evidence of old societies lies as far back in time as the emergence of valets first complex societies well-nigh 3,000 BC. Cities in the westerly Asian land of Mesopotamia, such as Ur and Uruk of the Sumer region, existed as what atomic number 18 considered the oldest settlements, and were built with the first sophisticated infrastructures and regime domains.The first concepts of patriarchies real in these cities, and became tightly woven into the structure of future shades. One of the first sets of law to govern the people of Mesopotamia was written during the era of Babylonia, which began about 2000 BC. Famously kn cause as Hammurabis code, the stone-scribed document listed policies and regulations for its people to abide by. These heavily include the decents of women, which were undeniably much more con rigided than those of men. The women of Mesopotamia had sealed rights, which included the right to buy and sell goods, own veraciousty, and work outside of the house.However, the power of men to exist in a higher place and over them do these rights appear to be measly and minuscule. Husbands were adequate to(p) to sell their wives into slavery and ratifiedly hand adultery and throw a musical mode multiple wives. If women were to semi on their economises, they could be monastic ordered to wipeout as their punishment. politically, men were the primary (if not, lone(prenominal)) figures influencing all closes made, including the development and caution of the city- invokes. Judging by the example given in Hammurabis Code (if a halal noun here, thus why not in the a couple of(prenominal)er sentences preceding this one? , it is aim slight to vocalize that that (? ) manlikes subordinationled the cities of Mesopotamia, and thus, the worlds earlier settlement s. The ideas and concepts of patriarchies would plow from this age and wrap around the foundations of well every nightclub for millenniums to come. Please own all ideas you throw off borrowed from back upary sources and capture paraphrased and/or summarized with p benthetical extensions. patriarchate IN GREECE any(prenominal) of (? ) most complex societies in our early history came about from surrounded by 650 BC 100 AD on the Mediterranean sea.At the start of this time, Greek beau monde was blooming into one of the most singular cultural beauties, rich with visual, art, drama, mythology, and dramatic literature. In 510 BC, Athens became the site of the first parcelicipatory government, paving the way for citizen-oriented governments to come. In this democracy, all men over the age of 18 were granted the right to voting on political have sexs, which is something that was extremely new in those times. The rights of the parking atomic number 18a male may have be en leaning towards comp ar, that women hush approach subordination to men.In fact, the lack of rights to women across Greek land were solidified (noun/verb) by law. This flip-flop by dint ofout the country, more extreme or little emphasized among different city- bows. For instance, in S percenta women were spiritedly seeed and able to verbalize for themselves, yet the land was let off list primarily by the male- shape military. Athenian women, stock-still, had few rights and were typically confined to their homes. Their married mans were in list correspond as heads of house lactates, and lead the direction of familys daily lives.Thus, it is clearly app atomic number 18nt that democratic Greece was still heavily defined by patriarchal philosophies. The intelligence patriarch refers to the male leader of a family and comes from the Greek word patriarches. (The Free Resource) End punctuation follows the parenthetical citation. Ancient Greece was an agricultural com pany in its founding. Societies that are agricultural are typically patriarchal in the context that the male in the family, whether it is grow, husband, or br some other, made (shift in verb tense) the key cultural, spectral, and financial decisions inwardly the family and residential area sector (The Free Resource).Ancient Greece followed for the most part in that same context. The system of patriarchate was developed in Greece in nearly the 4th and 5th coulomb B. C. E. in short following its ease upment, womens rights and privileges were on the speedy decline. Greek women were not allowed to take part in politics. harmonise to legend, the goddess Athena won by just one pistillate vote, the right to name the city Athens. Because of this initiative by a charwoman, as a punishment, all future generations of women would not be allowed to recruit in politics (The Free Resource).These kinds of legends and unearthly whimseys further sup touch and in societal terms it appe ared to be confirm. Some of the information in this separate is redundant. Consider cartel this dissever with the one preceding it. Although woman for (? ) subscript in terms of politics, they were zippy and powerful in relation to workman families and influence behind her husband. Socrates spent so much time teaching in the marketplace because of his married woman Xantippes sharp diction when he was at home. (Guisepi, Robert) If you are victimisation MLA style, then delete the comma and first name.A woman with a strong character behind a man that was steadfastly rooted in a political forum, such as the Senate, could have too turgid political influence however very much in an indirect format. save in law and culture, women were held inferior. Even the activities of free women were daily disgorge into question and were not respected highly in societal terms. The raping of a free woman, though a crime, was a slighter offense than seducing her, since undefendableion m eant winning her affections away from her duties. (Guisepi, Robert) Even sister females were regarded in a substandard way.Families that were over burdened with children would often resort to infanticide and lag the female infants. The womans stupefy usually arranged spousals. Divorce was legal for men but woman had to go to court and were frequently unsuccessful. Adultery was familiar with men but woman could be divorced or severely penalise if caught (Guisepi, Robert). What is the controlling idea in this paragraph? The only Greek friendship that was mistily different was Sparta. Education was as well as broaden to girls. Both sexes exercised naked.Women however (comma error) could not fight by the Olympic find oneselfs, while grave men were very successful (Cartledge, Paul). When their husbands were at war or out of the home, women expect control and made the necessary weft that her husband would have made. Women could negotiate with their husbands to amaze their lovers into the home so they could be monitored (Cartledge, Paul). The way Sparta is portrayed in movies, as existence very equal, is rather false. Spartan participation exhibited umpteen of the same classic patriarchal beliefs as the rest of Greece did.Does this sentence oppose the sort outic sentence? PATRIARCHY IN CHINA Patriarchal structures of union have been prominent in Chinese culture since around green BC. Texts dating back 200 BC refer to men world masters of the outside world with women macrocosm masters of the home. Immediate families existed (? ) not only focused on parents and offspring, but grandparents, living relatives, and til flat the spirits of descendants. The of age(p) males of these families demanded respect from all coadjutors, including their wives.Women were legally subordinate to men and were usually frowned upon at put up cod to the fact that they would one day just become an asset of some other family after years of being raised. A ple beian phrase from that time which stayed with chincognizant until the end of the regal period was, the tercet subordinations and the foursome virtues being, a woman was to be subordinate to her induce in youth, her husband in maturity, and her son in old age. (Natalie Bennett) Punctuate with commas to setoff appositivesfor example, A common phrase from that time, which stayed with chinaware until the end of the imperial period, was . Also, is imperial period a proper noun? While generally thought of as a more western term, patriarchate has as well as historically been a weighed down influence in Asia, particularly within China (Should we prod this to the start of this sub field of study? Yes Organization. ). custody in China have historically held political power, being ruled by an emperor until 1912. The title of emperor was passed from father to son in each dynasty with the empress guardianship very limited power. On top of this the emperor and m all other fastness cla ss men had multiple wives as a symbol of their wealth while women could not have more than on (? husband. The average women were generally considered failures if they grew up without finding a husband or work as a slave most people in China considered a womans argumentation to be a subservient wife (BBC). To make matters worse, during the Song dynasty, around 1000 AD, the routine of foot medical dressing quickly blossom out among high class families, veritable(a)tually spread head all across China. Foot binding entails wrapping a young girls (possessive) feet painfully tight which pr take aim(p)ts further growth lead-in to beautiful feet and create their doments more womanly and dainty (Nancy Miles) but also causing lifelong disability.Up to 50% of women during the nineteenth century had bound feet for upper class women it was upwards of 95%. Even after it was misbrandedise in 1912 some another(prenominal) families continued to do it in fear that they may wounded t heir daughters (plural and possessive) chances for good marriage (Louisa Lim). This practice of foot binding even further limited the power of women in Chinese ordering and in caper helped fuel the patriarchy during the pudding stone. Punctuate with a semi-colon to link independent clauses without a organize conjunction to connect independent clauses disconnected by a conjunctive adverb and in a series with internal punctuation.With a transitional signal, you can meld these devil paragraphs. There is the more contemporary issue of the countrys one-child policy, leading to many forced sex-selective miscarriages (awkward). Most parents in China value a male child over a female child, see sons have more social and economic value so when forced to lease to keep a child they more often keep males. This had (? ) lead to a enormous skew in the sexual practice ratios for every 100 females there are 119 males (Graeme Russle).Post-imperial China has, thankfully, seen (dont split th e verb) large improvements for womens rights. Women have made a strong push into the economic (? ) and origin market, pass watering the highest percentages of women employed in Asia (BBC). Although the patriarchy in China has been constantly bestowting smaller in the 20th and twenty-first century effects of it are still everywhere and change comes slowly, with people rubbish for every inch they can get. PATRIARCHY IN INDIA In other split of Asia, societies dug the foundations of patriarchies far deeper than preceding civilizations.Between 1000 BC and 300 BC, the Vedic empire of easternmost India flourished in rich culture and strong religious elements. However, the extremely morose and conservative laws of the land were particularly crude on female citizens. The villages, which were administered by men, aphorism that women were kept from religious and social activities. Political councils were governed primarily by the head of households which were unendingly men, and if all males of the important families died, the family was thus excluded from political activity.Families were led by the oldest male, who also claimed self-possession of all family possessions. Women were often wed through arranged marriages right in advance puberty (to promote virginity at marriage), and were unable to get married even if their husband (plural) passed away. In out of date situations, women would perform sati, a practice in which women would cremate themselves live on their husbands (possessive and plural) funeral pyre. According to the Vedic people, the manners in which the rights of women were modulate so severely were thought to be for their own good.The idea was that if they performed them with grace and devotion, they world power expect a best term in their next incarnation (74, infer and Langdon I dont believe any style formats parenthetical citations in this way). In comparison to its existence in Mesopotamian societies, the concepts of patriarchal so cieties in India became more important in daily life than ever witnessed before and would remain even into the ultramodern day. One way to combine this paragraph with the one below is to revise the topic sentence. For example, patriarchate in India is conciliateed in the association system and has its root in the Hindu organized religion.Since then and still to this day, the allowance of patriarchy in India is the order system. The caste system is defined as, (delete the comma) an elaborately secernate social hierarchy distinguishing Indias social structure from any other nation (1). A person is born into their his/her caste, will shun those from another caste, and never move up in the system in their lifetime. As you go down the hierarchy of the caste system, a persons pureness diminishes. Women suffered from the bias outlook that women were contaminated simply because of the body functions unique to women.Avoid second person pronouns. This view of women automatically pla ced them below the men of their caste (1). divagation from the caste system, Patriarchy also has grow in the Hindu religion, which is the dominant religion in India. It is believed that aspects of the female tenet mustiness be neutralized by the male principle (3). If the female principle is not neutralized, it will result in a violent and destructive behavior. Also, women are believed to have a far greater and unwieldy inner appetite than men. It was feared that women would istract men from their religious duties, so men would have to control women in order to control their desire (3). This belief was viewed as justification for male dominance over women. Both the caste system and Hinduism laid the groundwork allowing Patriarchy to flourish in Indian culture. In modern Indian culture, women are suck ining more independence from the tralatitious systems that allowed Patriarchy to function. The arrangement of India, which came into effect on January 26th, 1950, assured its people justice, equality, and liberty (4).In section III, under hold 15, it explicitly lists that The state shall not split against any citizen on grounds only of religion, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them (4) Although, before modern laws were written to establish equality, women had a low status in Indian decree. After getting married, the Brides (capitalization) family was judge to support large amounts of cash to the Grooms family and was then expected to live with the Grooms family. Basically, the Bride would have to buy into the family. PATRIARCHY IN THE place EASTIn the present day mediate East, governing laws have primarily been focused around Islamic religion since its foundations. This legal code, cognize as ShariAh, is based on deterrent example and phantasmal ideals, and prescribes the pathway to paradise (Judge and Langdon, 274). The ShariAh was completed between 7-9 CE and is still utilize in the legal systems of some substance east countries tod ay. Combine these both paragraphs. Some of the concepts included in the Shariah clearly state the gender roles of men and women in early Islamic society, usually putting women in a place of subordination that is justified as being for their own security measure. hands are assumed to treat their women with innocence and respect. The insistence that women be veiled in overt and spend much of their lives privy in their homes are de subscribe in part to promote honor and respect for women (Judge and Langdon, 274). Additionally, men were (shift in tense) allowed to practice polygamy, as long as he treats them as in terms of financial incite, sexual intercourse, household duties, and respect (Judge and Langon, 275). What resulted from this mentality and the strict constitutional view of the Shariah, in other words that it cannot be changed (? , was a modernizing society with old fashioned laws. As time passed, womens rights in the middle eastern hemisphere that were originally written for womens protection began to gradually put women in a countersink of pure inequality. An issue of take to this day concerns the status of women in the snapper East. There is an extensive notion that the region and its people are customsal, change is careful and is not welcome. In accounts and popular westbound perceptions, the status of women is go ind to be universally low, which may be, in all probability, collectible to the centrality of Islam in the lives of the people and the rules of the earth.Many writings have focused on position Eastern women as victims of inflexible laws, oppressive regimes, and fundamentalist acquirements. Other writings guide to move too far in an debate trend, and in overcompensation for the negative portrayal of Middle Eastern women. They try to dispute that Islam elevates women, or that Middle Eastern women genuinely nurse vast control, or placid influence, at least in their households. It is methodologically incomplete to te nder Islam as the illustrative variable in attitude and change.The status of women in the Middle East cannot be understood by commute to Quran explanation, as well as not be possible for those Middle Eastern women are all persecuted, or that they are elementary submissive observers of the dealing around them. The longstanding constraints on womens mobility and independence of action have been eroded by the process of development and growth. Youll need to ensconce whether the Middle East is a proper noun or not, and be undifferentiated. Please spot your sources. This topic sentence suggests you are no longer discussing patriarchy in India.Patriarchal society is a social formation which has traditionally existed in varying forms throughout the world, women being reign by the male society. In classic patriarchy, the senior man has federal agency over everyone else in the family, including younger men, and women are focus to distinct forms of control and subordination. The te ndency of patriarchy roots in the household, which is also commonly linked with the reproduction of the peasantry in agrarian societies (Kandiyoti 1988). A fragment is a grammatically incomplete sentence, possessing either a subject or a predicate.Making a sentence grammatically complete kernel it must have a subject and predicate. The subordination of women in kinship-ordered or political societies is related to the reproduction of the family assembly or of the peasantry as well as to the sexual division of labor. There is a appetency to male dominance inherent in the relation between the peasant household, landlords, position, and in the imitation of ordered groups, wherein women are exchange and men are the translators in what Gayle Rubin has called the betrothal in women (Rubin 1975 use the same style throughout this newsprint).In a patriarchal context, women are assimilated into concepts of property. Forcing an un postulateed marriage or let to the unwanted child forced b y society and religion to become tractable towards all men not just their husbands. PATRIARCHY IN THE UNITED STATES commit the tab key to indent all paragraphs. Long before the birth of the linked States, ideas of patriarchies were carried westward with the migrations of the Amerinds (? ). This is assumed by researchers because gender roles were present in the first endemic inhabitants of the West, even as far as Central and South America.Men dominated the political systems of tribes and settlements, while women raised crops and nurtured children at home. This way of assigning designated activities for both men and women was not unlike the gender roles on the opposite side of the planet. Therefore, some studies suggest that when creation migrated to what is now the Americas around 8000-5000 BC, societies were already unified to have males as lead figures while women carried out supportive roles. The standard was set for the duration of the Native Americans rule over the North, Central, and South America, and continued until they were dominated by European settlers.A tree with deep roots stood strong and proved very herculean to uproot. It changed over the years since then in various ways and women would eventually gain more power in society, but nonetheless it still existed when the United States became a nation. See my comment above regarding acknowledging sources. European societies based themselves upon the practices of patriarchy, so it is no confusion the first immigrants from Europe took this societal system with them.When the settlers inhabited the newly established colonies, they brought their traditional attitudes concerning the roles women should possess and their status in society with them (Sage 1). Puritans organized their family around the unquestioned principle of patriarchy (Vandergriff 1). Their religion taught that family roles were part of a continuous chain of hierarchical and delegated authority descending from God (1). The paren thetical citation follows the quotation mark. The role of each family fraction was important to the success of the family.Although the wife was subordinate, she could participate in public life through her husband (Sage 1). If the husband became injured she had to assume his role. This even applied to casting his vote in an election if need be (1). Without a strong and productive wife a family would struggle to survive (1). The father was always in charge in early New England. He had the right to intervene in the lives of his children, control their behavior, and even select their spouse (Vandergriff 1). Marriage was referred to as a contract between deuce unequal beings.The husband occupied the support role in which it was his responsibility to impart for the family and the wife was expected to be a servant to the husband. The wife was subordinate in the hierarchy of society but before God both men and women were considered equal (Vandergriff 1). Before marriage single women cou ld represent themselves in court, carry out problem, and even own property. Once married, however, women could only engage in business with the consent of her husband their husbands. It was believed that after marriage the legal personal identity of the woman became part of her husband (1).If a woman engaged in business while she was married her personal property, profits, and real estate belonged to her husband. Even if he could not be trusted with it and was not responsible, she could do nothing about it (1). Be aware of redundancies and consider how you might revise and combine this paragraph with the one above. Women were considered to be weaker than men physically, emotionally, and mentally. They were often referred to as weaker vessels. Women lacked the ability to legally vote and could not hold public office in colonial society (Sage 1).Although women had limited rights, many were still able to carry out business and do tasks not generally associated with the traditional r oles of women. parturiency was limited in the colonies so many women held jobs as midwives, teachers, printers and even loads (1). In this aspect, the colonial period exhibited a degree of egalitarianism (Vandergriff 1). Although women in colonial America could by no means be considered to have been held equal to men, they were as a rule probably as well off as women anywhere in the world, and in general probably even weaken off (Sage 1). Nothing in this paragraph supports the topic sentence.During the nineteenth and the twentieth century (plural), many aspects concerning the roles of women, their rights, and their impact on society changed dramatically. In the nineteenth century women began to get out of the house and go to work in great numbers, with The majority worked in the textile industry and garment shops They often worked working many hours and in wondrous atmospheres (an example of sentence combining). It was not until around 1910 that states began to pass laws limiti ng working hours and qualification working conditions more tolerable (Womens report in America 1).Many jobs began to require upbringing in order to practice the profession. This tended to limit a womans ability to enter careers that were considered professional. This was fairly common in the medical field. The American medical exam Association was started in 1846, but and women were not permitted to join this association or mens medical colleges, so they be female schools (1). From 1890 to 1980 the percentage of total female doctors who were women went (diction) from five percent to seventeen percent. Women modify their statuses in other professions such as law and engineering as well (1).The teaching profession was a huge field of employment for women. More than doubly as many women were teachers of elementary and high school compared to men in 1980. However, two out of every three teachers of high education were male. Even in the present day, most working women find emplo yment in clerical, retail, and service jobs (1). Combine simple sentences. A womans education seemed to always be secondary to a mans. Towards the end of the 19th century the number of women attending secondary schools change magnitude greatly due to the rise in female colleges and women being permitted to enroll in colleges with men.One-fifth of college students were women in 1870 by 1900 the proportion of women to men in college had grown to one-third (Womens History in America 1). Women obtained 19 percent of all under potash alum college degrees around the beginning of the 20th century. By 1984 the figure had sharply increased to 49 percent. Women also increased their numbers in graduate study. By the mid-1980s women were earning 49 percent of all masters degrees and about 33 percent of all doctoral degrees. In 1985 about 53 percent of all college students were women (1). Numerous laws were passed in the 1900s to benefit women and to increase equality between the sexes. In 1920 , women gained the right to vote by the nineteenth amendment (proper noun) (Imbornoni 1). Women now have the ability to participate in elections and influence the decisions of society. Women became part of the government during this time as well. Several women served in the House of Representatives and the Senate, kickoff in 1917 (Womens History in America 1). The Food and Drug validation approved birth control pills in 1960 (Imbornoni 1).Women now possessed more control over pregnancy. They could now choose to put off having children, while still remain sexually active. The extend to Pay conduct of 1963 required equal wages for men and women doing equal work (Womens History in America 1). Despite the Equal Pay Act of 1963, women in 1970 were paying about 45 percent less than men for the same jobs in 1988, about 32 percent less. Professional women did not get the important assignments and promotions given to their male colleagues (1). Laws could not completely halt the dist inction of women.Men have always been regarded and treated better than women in the United States. This is partly due to the long standing patriarchal beliefs and practices of our country. The well-bred Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination against women by any company with 25 or more employees (1). In 1967, executive order 11375 made discrimination based on gender illegal (Imbornoni 1). Women now could dowry the same opportunities for employment as snowy males. The Supreme Court upheld a decision stating sex-specific help wanted ads in newspapers were illegal in 1973 (1).By 1985, every state had follow a law allowing couples to divorce by mutual consent. California was the first state to ratify the law in 1969. (1). Women could now end marriages they no longer wished to be a part of. Roe vs. walk (1973) gave women the right to a legal abortion and overturned previous anti-abortion laws (1). Women could now end a pregnancy on their own behalf without legal recourse. The twentieth century provided women with many rights, increased their equality in society, and move the country farther from its traditional patriarchal beliefs.Without the great strides made in these few decades, women would still occupy the same inferior place in society as they did during the previous centuries. See my suggestion above regarding sentence combining. Patriarchy continues to be part of the United States in the present day. roughly everyone participates in patriarchy whether they wish to or not. The practice has been ingrained into so many aspects of our society it has basically become a part of the individual. Our society contains traits of being dominated by males, male centered, and male identified. These males are frequently obsessed with power and control.Many males go along with patriarchy because it directly benefits them. Abolishing patriarchy would threaten their power and control (Smith 1). passel in power, men in this case, want to keep it this way. Histo rically speaking, powerful positions tend to be regarded as a mans job. Therefore, as a society we tend to expect our doctors, lawyers, government officials, CEOs, and spiritual leaders to be men as well (1). Society has in the past, and some to this day, associated being a male as a quality for high take aim positions, and therefore has confused the position with the person in the position (1).Many make confidences of men being more qualified than women without actually knowing the qualifications of the individual because of this practice. Maleness and masculinity are often used as a basis for comparison in society, and anything not male or masculine is considered less or abnormal. This is clearly evident according to Smith, We see the evidence of this attribute every day in palm like medicine and law where a male lawyer, judge or doctor is just called a lawyer, judge, or doctor, but a female holding the same position is a woman lawyer, a woman judge, a woman doctor.This is be cause the assumption is that someone in that position should be male. That is the normal way of things. When someone who is not male is in one of those positions, we feel the need to identify it as other (1). Women still fetch less pay than a man for the same job. In 2009, President Obama signed the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act, which allows victims (mostly women) of pay discrimination to file a tutelage within 180 days of their persist paycheck. The law was named after a Goodyear employee who was paying fifteen to forty percent less than her male counterparts (Imbornoni 1).Our society is remarkably male centered. Men are associated with power so it is normal and expected of them to be in the political spotlight. Because of this association, it is hardly noticed that the news, in general, focuses on men and stories pertaining to them (Smith 1). Men are on the covers of magazines, in the news, and their stories are on television. Stories and ads are directly influenced by the survey of men (1). Smith hits the nail on the head when he says, Block quotes of four lines or more by tabbing twice and deleting quotation markse. g. In womens magazines, we see ads that feature women who are nearly naked, advertizement bras or the clothes they are nigh wearing. This is not because women like to look at other women but because women are being taught that they have to look a certain way in order for men to like them. Even the articles in womens magazine are male centered as the focus on such topics as ways to please him and how to know if your man is cheating. The male gaze, and thus male centeredness, is something that we cannot get away from. (1) As time has pressed on, women now enjoy much more freedom and potential in society presently than ever before.Women now hold many high level jobs, run companies, and are eligible to pursue careers in any field. Patriarchy has diminished greatly over the years but is still evident. It will continue to exist in A merica if society continues to be male centered. Men will surely hold on to their privilege and power however they can. Patriarchy in society is demandly a power struggle between the sexes. Women gaining power equates to men losing their previous level of power in society. Perhaps one day our society will be completely egalitarian. A woman has never been elected president.Maybe society needs a woman in the highest achievable position in order to reduce the influence of patriarchy. No other event or position could influence the changing of tradition and upset the power men hold in society as much as a woman being the commander and chief. CONCLUSION For thousands of years, we have lived in a mans world. Since human civilizations emerged, men have been in charge, ruled the lands, and determined the paths of people to come. So many generations have lived by this belief in pure, conscious or unconscious patriarchal means, and now times are changing.Today, women are enjoying a higher l evel of freedom, and are stepping up to positions unheard of for women to hold a century ago. Many nations have female presidents, and women all over the world are universally striving for equality. However, change cannot occur overnight. In around a century, we have witnessed a miraculous advance of universal womens rights coming into existence, a surge of females into a broad, professional workforce, and governmental influences being carried out by female politicians. The more aware women are of patriarchal influences in society, the more can be done to advance universal equality.Equality is essential to rid the world of the belief that a woman cannot do a mans job or is less qualified because of her gender. Youve done an excellent job researching this topic. You have a good dissertation and support. If you decide to revise this paper and render as the final paper, then consider the following paragraph combining consistent use of MLA style throughout, including parenthetical cit ations and the industrial plant Cited page and proofread carefully, as there are serious errors in this paperfor example, noun/verb disagreements and fragments. Grade B-